Remuneration collected by Bonus Presskopia is distributed to copyright holders. Remuneration is paid not only to Swedish rightholders but also to representatives of authors, editors and publishers in other countries.
By Bonus Presskopia’s reciprocal agreements with foreign counterparts around the world remuneration is distributed abroad to compensate for the copying of foreign works that takes place in Sweden. Similarly, Bonus Presskopia receives payment from foreign counterparts for onward distribution to Swedish copyright holders for the copying of Swedish works that takes place abroad.
Payments to authors, publishers and editors are made via Bonus Presskopia’s member organisations. The remuneration reaches the rightholders in many different ways. Some organisations award scholarships, other compensates rightholders individually, some organisations allocates remuneration for financing legal counseling and education etc. According to the Swedish Copyright Act
, the organisations have to treat members and non-members equal.
There are some important guarantees for outsiders. Non-represented rightholders have a right to individual remuneration on the basis of the law and non-represented rightholders have also a possibility of prohibiting the use of their works.
The compensation is distributed on the basis of statistical surveys. To find out what and how much is copied Bonus Presskopia commissions the market research company TNS Sifo to carry out surveys.
Copying volume, categories of works etc
The surveys provide an idea on copying behaviour and what type of master copy and work category that has been copied. For example, if it is copied from textbooks, newspapers, magazines, fiction, poetry, music etc. The surveys also show the origin country of the master and what kind of technology that has been used for copying.
Division of remuneration among rightholders
The part of the surveys that show what has been copied form the basis for the division between the member organisations.
The survey show for example that song lyrics are copied relatively little in the workplace category, while newspapers, magazines and textbooks are copied to a large extent in the school world. Therefore, right holders active in the latter category receives greater compensation.
Distribution of remuneration to Swedish rightholders
Within Bonus Presskopia there are five distribution groups representing the categories of reproduction: books, teaching materials, press, music and pictorial. Each member of Bonus Presskopia belongs to one of the five administrative groups. The remuneration is distributed from the board of Bonus Presskopia to the different member organisations trough the distribution groups.
Unanimous decisions shall be taken within each distribution group concerning final distribution of money at the group’s deposition to organisation which is represented in the group. The organisations are thereafter free to decide on the final use of the remuneration. However, according to the Swedish Copyright Act, the organisations have to treat members and non-members equal.
Distribution of remuneration to foreign rightholders
Before the remuneration is distributed to Bonus Presskopia’s five distribution groups the foreign rightholders' share is separated.
Revenue received for copied foreign works is distributed to sister organisations abroad in accordance with reciprocal agreements. In absence of an agreement with a country the payment is set aside on a separate bank account until an agreement has been signed.
About 80 percent of the foreign rightholders' remunerations are distributed. Less than 20 percent is deposited on account while waiting for reciprocal agreements to be signed. The remaining 0,7 percent refers to countries that either have not made any demands or that relates to unidentified country of publication or unidentified residence of the right holder.
Administrative costs and deductions
Bonus Presskopia is non profit-making, all the money Bonus Presskopia collect in licence fees is distributed to the members after a deduction for administrative costs. The administration cost has over the years been very low, both in a national and in an international perspective. In 2011, Bonus Presskopia’s administrative overhead ratio was 6.1 %.